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African Journal of Biotechnology

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Industrial wastewater treatment using natural material as adsorbent

OS Amuda, AO Ibrahim

Abstract


Attempts were made to compare the adsorption efficiency of coconut shell-based granular activated carbon with the adsorption efficiency of commercial carbon, Calgon carbon F-300, with respect to adsorption of organic matter from a beverage industrial wastewater. Freundlich adsorption isotherm
was used to analyze the adsorption efficiencies of the two activated carbons. These studies indicate that acid-activated coconut shell carbon had higher adsorption for organic matter expressed as chemical oxygen demand, (COD), than barium chloride-activated coconut shell carbon and Calgon
carbon (F-300) at all carbon dosages used. Thus, the potential for using agricultural waste (coconut shell) that litter our environment may be valuable resources for removal of organic matter from industrial wastewater



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