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Remediation of petroleum hydrocarbon polluted systems: Exploiting the bioremediation strategies

AI Okoh
MR Trejo-Hernandez


The irrepressible quest for a cheap source of energy to meet the extensive global industrialization demand has expanded the frontiers of petroleum hydrocarbon exploration. These exploration activities amongst others often result in pollution of the environment, thus creating serious imbalance in the biotic and abiotic regimes of the ecosystem. Several remediation alternatives have been in use for the restoration of petroleum hydrocarbon polluted systems. In this paper, we present an overview of bioremediation alternative vis-à-vis other cleanup methods and its adaptations in various polluted systems.