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Effects of 2-chloroethylphosphonic acid formulations as yield stimulants on <i>Hevea brasiliensis</i>

NN Jetro
GM Simon


Stimulation of Hevea brasiliensis is a common practice in rubber estates. The chemicals commonly used are formulations of 2-chloroethylphosphonic acid (ethephon). Low frequency of tapping must be accompanied by use of yield stimulants in order to enjoy the economics of low tapping frequency. It is thus necessary to evaluate the effects of the available yield stimulants on Hevea in order to better
formulate exploitation systems. Two formulations of  2-chloroethylphosphonic acid, under the trade
name Hevetex 5% PA and Ehtrel® were used to stimulate two clones. Hevetex 5% PA was investigated using agronomic parameters, and latex diagnosis technique to determine its efficiency as a yield
stimulant, its ability to induce tree dryness, activation of tree metabolism and ability to sustain rubber yields. Hevetex 5% PA is a good yield stimulant and has good sustaining properties demonstrated by the level of its physiological properties (such as sugar and thiols) which are comparable to those of Ethrel®. The use of these stimulants led to an increase in rubber yield. The physiological parameters
and yield varied with season.

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eISSN: 1684-5315