Evaluation of the probiotic potential of lactic acid bacteria isolated from faeces of breast-fed infants in Egypt
Keywords: Probiotics, lactic acid bacteria, bile resistance, acid tolerance, adhesion.
AbstractThe probiotic-related characteristics of 55 strains of lactic acid bacteria isolated from the faeces of 3 - 6 months old breast-fed infants were determined. The API 50 CH and SDS-PAGE techniques were
employed to ascertain the identity of the isolated strains. The predominant species among the isolated strains were Lactobacillus (Lb.) acidophilus, Lb. plantarum, Enterococcus (E.) faecium, and E. faecalis. Probiotic properties such as bile resistance, acid tolerance, and adhesion to intestinal mucous were assessed. In vitro results obtained showed that five strains, Lb. plantarum (P1 and P164), Lb. pentosus (P191), and Lb. fermentum (P10, P193) were able to meet the basic requirements for probiotic functions as they demonstrated probiotic characteristics such as tolerance to pH 3, growth in 0.4% oxgall and adhesion to intestinal mucous. The results obtained in this investigation will be used to select
potentially probiotic strains for in vivo study.
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