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African Journal of Biotechnology

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Effects of thermal treatments and germination on physico-chemical properties of corn flour

P Bhattacharyya, U Ghosh, H Gangopadhyay, U Raychaudhuri

Abstract


Certain physico-chemical properties including viscoelasticity, crystallinity and maltose content of corn depends on the gelatinization of starch under different treatments. Three different treatments were performed; boiling in water, steam heating, and germination. The effects of gelatinization on
viscoelastic property of corn starch were measured and the morphological changes of corn after different treatments were determined by scanning electron microscope (SEM). Various grooves and fissures on the exterior surface of the granules were noticed in the treated sample compared to
control. The crystallinity of corn after different treatments was determined by X-ray diffraction studies (XRD). The control showed higher crystallinity than that of thermal treated samples.



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