Comparative phytochemical evaluation, antimicrobial and antioxidant properties of Pleurotus ostreatus
AbstractThis study scientifically examined the phytochemistry, antioxidant and antimicrobial potencies of two organic extracts of Pleurotus ostreatus. Generally, both extracts were effective against 89.8% of the
isolates tested with Bacillus subtilis (7.6 – 7.8 mm), Escherichia coli (7.6 – 8.2 mm) and Saccharomycee cerevisae (10.5 – 10.8 mm) exhibiting highest gram ±ve, gram –ve and fungal susceptibilities by agar well diffusion method, respectively. However, petroleum ether extract (PE) exhibited greater anti-gram negative bacterial activity than the acetone extract (AE) and further produced growth inhibition of these
isolates in broth. Compared to PE, the acetone extract elicited higher total phenolic content and in vitro antioxidant capacity. Phytochemical analyses of the extracts revealed low to moderate levels of terpenoids, tannins, steroidal glycosides and carbohydrates, while flavonoids, alkaloids and cynogenic glycosides were not detected. The results indicate that P. ostreatus possesses antimicrobial and antioxidant potentials.