Antibacterial effects and toxigenesis of Penicillium aurantiogriseum and P. viridicatum
AbstractThe toxigenesis of one Penicillium aurantiogriseum and one Penicillium viridicatum isolates was investigated. Sterile culture filtrates of both fungi had a clear antibacterial effect only against Bacillus subtilis. The effect on B. subtilis varied with amount of filtrate used and temperature. The antibacterial activity of chloroform extracts varied with the nature of media used to grow the fungi. Different mycotoxins were identified in the fungal cultures using thin-layer chromatography. P. aurantiogriseum
was found to produce penicillic acid, terrestric acid and aurantiamine, while penicillic acid, terrestric acid, brevianamide A and xanthomegnin were produced by P. viridicatum.