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African Journal of Biotechnology

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Antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of Canarium schweinfurthii Engl. Essential oil from Centrafrican Republic

LC Obame, J Koudou, BS Kumulungui, IHN Bassolé, P Edou, AS Ouattara, AS Traoré

Abstract


The antioxidant activity of the essential oil was investigated using 2,2-diphenylpicrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging assay and the -carotene bleaching test. Butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) was
employed as a positive control. The essential oil showed antioxidant and DPPH radical scavenging activities, and it displayed the inhibition of lipid peroxidation. The antibacterial and antifungal activities of the essential oil of Canarium schweinfurthii from Centrafrican Republic were also evaluated against twelve strains of bacteria and three strains of fungi using agar diffusion and broth microdilution methods. The essential oil showed antimicrobial activity against almost the strains studied. The results
suggest that C. schweinfurthii essential oil could be a natural antimicrobial and antioxidant agent.



http://dx.doi.org/10.5897/AJB2007.000-2363
AJOL African Journals Online