African Journal of Biotechnology

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Autologous bone marrow mononuclear cell delivery to dilated cardiomyopathy patients: A clinical trial

PLN Kaparthi, G Namita, LK Chelluri, VSP Rao, PK Shah, A Vasantha, SK Ratnakar, K Ravindhranath


The impact of intracoronary autologous bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMC) in patients with DCM (dilated cardiomyopathy) with severe left ventricular (LV) dysfunction was assessed. The study included five DCM patients (age group 20 - 65 years) with ejection fraction (EF) of 30%. Mononuclear cells (Mean MNC count: 9.16 x 107 and Mean CD34 positive cell count: 3.68 x 105) were infused through intracoronary injection into the patients. Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was increased from 25 - 30% to 40 - 45% (approximately 500,000 CD34 + cells) in two of the patients. Conclusively, bone marrow mononuclear cell therapy has a potential to be considered a standard therapeutic entity for the
treatment of dilated cardiomyopathy with severe LV dysfunction.

AJOL African Journals Online