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African Journal of Biotechnology

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Intergenic and intragenic conjugal transfer of multiple antibiotic resistance determinants among bacteria in the aquatic environment of Bangladesh

HM Zahid, Z Mahal, MR Chowdhury

Abstract


Conjugation process was conducted to determine the means of transferring multiple loci of antibiotic resistant gene among bacteria in the surface water of Bangladesh. Our observation demonstrated that
tetracycline resistant gene can be spread between bacteria in the aquatic environment. In this study, it was surprisingly observed that tetracycline resistant gene was transferable horizontally by conjugation
process from Vibrio cholerae to Esherichia coli (intergenic) and E. coli to E. coli (intragenic) in combination with sulphamethoxazole-trimethoprim (SXT), streptomycin and erythromycin as a self
transposable tetracycline element. In intergenic transfer, conjugation frequency was more than intragenic transfer. Frequencies of transfer generally ranged from 10-5 to 10-3 transconjugants per input
donor and recipient cell. The results of these experiments suggested that the mobility of the antibiotic resistance determinants may further contribute to the development and spread of antibiotic resistance
among pathogenic bacteria, particularly since antibiotics are indiscriminately used in Bangladesh.



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