Effects of humidity level and IBA dose application on the softwood top cuttings of white mulberry (Morus alba L.) and black mulberry (Morus nigra L.) types

  • I.H Kalyoncu
  • N Ersoy
  • M Yılmaz
  • M Aydın
Keywords: Mulberry, sooftwood top cutting, misting system, humidity, hormone, rooting.

Abstract

In this research, the effects of 85-90% relative humidity and ındol-3-butyric acid (IBA) doses on softwood top cuttings of two black mulberry (Types 1 and 2) and one white mulberry (Type 3) types were studied. Cuttings were taken from early June (14 Haziran) and applied to the different IBA doses (0, 1000, 2000, 3000 and 4000 ppm). Cuttings were planted in pumice medium under misting system in the greenhouse for 48 days in order to root. The highest rooting percentage was determined from Type 1 (black mulberry) in 2000 and 3000 ppm IBA doses application (100%). The lowest one was control group from Type 2 (black mulberry) which was not rooted. Acording to increase liveliness of the cuttings, rooting percentage increased. Nearly all of the living cuttings were rooted. The highest ratio of cutting callus formation was found to be 2000 and 3000 ppm IBA doses (100%) from Type 1; the lowest one was determined control group of Types 2 and 3 (0.00%). The highest rooting area lenght was found from Type 3 (2.00 cm) and Type 1 (1.92 cm); the lowest one was control group of Type 2 (0.00 cm). With respect to root numbers, the highest value was found from Type 3 (21.73 number/cutting) and Type1 (16.42 number/cutting); the lowest one was control group of Type 2 (0.00 number/cutting). The longest root was determined from 3000 ppm IBA dose of Type 1 (11.23 cm); the highest root branching value was found from Type 3 in 3000 ppm IBA dose (16.20 number/cutting) application.

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