The consequences of the effects of the chemotherapeutic drug (vincristine) in organs and the influence on the bioavailability of two radio-biocomplexes used for bone evaluations in balb/c female mice

  • DMM de Mattos
  • GF Diré
  • RC Lima
  • ACC Almeida
  • D Bellucio
  • CSS Azevedo
  • SSS Azevedo
  • SF Nascimento
  • HR Borba
  • JJ Carvalho
  • BM Filho
Keywords: Radiobiocomplexes, vincristine, drug interaction, nuclear medicine, oncology.

Abstract

The development of animal model to evaluate the toxicological action of compounds used as pharmaceutical drugs is desired. The model described in this work is based on the capability of drugs to alter the bioavailability of radiopharmaceuticals (radiobiocomplexes) labeled with technetium-99 m
(99mTc). There are evidences that the bioavailability or the pharmacokinetic of radiobiocomplexes can be modified by some factors, as drugs, due to their toxicological action in specific organs. Vincristine is a
natural product that has been utilized in oncology. The vincristine effect on the bioavailability of the radiobiocomplexes 99mTc- ethylenediphosphonic acid (99mTc-MDP) and 99mTc-pyrophosphate (99mTc- PYP) in Balb/c female mice was evaluated. The fragments of kidney were processed to light microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. The aim of this work was to study at structural and ultrastructural levels the alterations caused by vincristine in organs. One hour after the last dose of
vincristine, 99mTc-PYP or 99mTc-MDP was injected, the animals were sacrificed and the percentage of radioactivity (%ATI) was determined in the isolated organs. Concerning 99mTc-PYP, the %ATI (i) decreased in spleen, thymus, lymph nodes (inguinal and mesentheric), kidney, lung, liver, pancreas, stomach, heart and brain and (ii) increased in bone and thyroid. Concerning 99mTc-MDP, the %ATI (iii) decreased in spleen, thymus, lymph nodes (inguinal and mesentheric), kidney, liver, pancreas,
stomach, heart, brain, bone, ovary and uterus. In conclusion, the toxic effect of vincristine in determined organs could be responsible for the alteration of the uptake of the studied radiobiocomplexes.
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