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African Journal of Biotechnology

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Influence of non starch polysaccharide-degrading enzymes on the meat yield and viscosity of jejunal digesta in broilers fed wheat/barley-based diet

H Shirzadi, H Moravej, M Shivazad

Abstract


This study was conducted to investigate the effect of four commercial multi-enzymes on the performance, meat yield, water intake, litter moisture and jejunal digesta viscosity of chicks fed wheat/barley based diet. A total of 195 1-d-old male broiler chicks (Ross 308) were allocated to 5 treatment groups, with 3 replicates per treatment group and 13 birds per replicate pen and all data were analyzed in a randomized complete block design. During the starter period, feed conversion ratio (FCR) was significantly (P < 0.05) decreased by only enzymes A, B and D. Moreover, FCR was significantly (P < 0.05) decreased by all enzymes in grower and entire periods. The relative weight of the breast as proportion of live weight was significantly (P < 0.05) decreased by only enzyme A. The relative weight of the abdominal fat as proportion of live weight was also significantly (P < 0.05) increased by enzyme D. Enzyme supplementation decreased viscosity of jejunal contents of chicks at day 28, but only enzymes A and D reduced significantly (P < 0.05) the viscosity of jejunum compared to control diet. In conclusion, there were similar improvements on FCR of birds fed diets with enzyme supplementation and choice preference of enzyme supplementation has to be base on its economic value.



http://dx.doi.org/10.5897/AJB09.1483
AJOL African Journals Online