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African Journal of Biotechnology

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Effect of tomato internal structure on its mechanical properties and degree of mechanical damage

Z Li, P Li, J Liu

Abstract


As different tomatoes have different locular cavities and a particular tomato material is inhomogeneous, the effect of tomato internal structure on its mechanical properties and degree of mechanical damage may be significant during the gripping process with robot fingers. This was
studied using the loading-unloading experiment as well as the observation of shelf life. The results showed that the plastic strain energy, Ep, peak force, Fmax and degree of elasticity, rc, were not significantly affected by the internal structure of three-locular tomato before its failure, but loading
slope, rk, was. The degree of elasticity, rc and loading slope, rk, were significantly affected by the internal structure of four-locular tomato before its failure, but the plastic strain energy, Ep, and peak force, Fmax, were not. The compressibility e was the most important explanatory variable in the model of the degree of mechanical damage to tomato. The internal structure of four-locular tomato had a significant effect on its degree of mechanical damage, but the internal structure of three-locular tomato
does not. Excluding the covariates, at the same compressibility, the degree of mechanical damage was greatest under the condition of F*CW and lowest for F*L their difference was 21.3%. The discrepancy of
the medium degree of mechanical damage was slight under the condition of T*CW and T*L, respectively.



http://dx.doi.org/10.5897/AJB2010.000-3020
AJOL African Journals Online