Yield components and its conformation responded to elevated atmospheric CO2 in three rice (Oryza sativa L.) generations
During three rice generations in Asominori (Japonica) and IR24 (Indica), the yield and its components — namely grain yield per plant, fertile tillers, 1000-grain weight, grain number per panicle — were greater under Free Air CO2 Enrichment (FACE, 200 μmol CO2 · mol-1 above current levels) than those under current CO2 concentration (Ambient, about 370 μmol CO2 · mol-1). And significant difference in generations, varieties, and CO2 concentrations existed in the yield and its components of Asominori and IR24. For the third generation planted under FACE, the dry matter weight of a single main stem and its components in Asominori and IR24 were higher under FACE than those under Ambient from the date of anthesis to maturation. As compared with that under Ambient, dry weight per day, filling power and remobilized C reserve under FACE increased in Asominori and IR24, but the transfer ratio of assimilate and harvest index (HI) declined under FACE. The degree of response to FACE in Asominori and IR24 showed that a positive response to long term treatment of elevated CO2.