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African Journal of Biotechnology

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Chemical composition of Annona senegalensis from Nupe land, Nigeria

J Yisa, JN Egila, AO Darlinton

Abstract


The proximate, mineral composition, amino acids content and phytochemical screening of Anona senegalensis seed vegetable collected from different farm site in Bida town, Niger State, Nigeria, were carried out using standard methods of food analysis. The results of the proximate composition show that the sample contained 12.20% moisture, 12.10% ash, 24.00% fat, 17.60% crude fibre, 8.80% crude protein and 25.3% of carbohydrate, respectively. Mineral composition in mg/g from the results revealed that calcium, potassium, magnesium, zinc, iron, copper, manganese, lead and chromium values are 1.35, 0.47, 0.24, 0.48, 1.80, 0.29, 0.13, 1.10 and < 0.1, respectively. The phytochemical screening indicates the presence of saponins, steroid, flavonoid and glycoside in the sample. The results revealed
high values of amino acid content in the sample and the values are comparable to Food and Agricultural Organization/ World Health Organization (FAO/WHO) standard.



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