Designing of enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kit for diagnosis copro-antigens of Giardia lamblia
The sensitivity of microscopic examination of fecal samples to recognize Giardia parasites is low. In the methods based on antigen scanning of parasites such as enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), copro-antigens of parasite will be traced and diagnosed even if the live parasite is absent in the fecal samples. To design this method, a pure antibody against parasite as well as an antibody conjugated to a proper enzyme is needed. In this study, an anti-Giardia IgG extracted from serum of contaminated rabbit was purified by ion-exchange chromatography and conjugated to the enzyme horse radish peroxidase (HRP). This antibody was used to design direct and indirect ELISA kits to measure conjugation titer. In both direct and indirect ELISA methods, optical densities (ODs) were 1 by using dilution of 1/4000 of conjugation. According to the results of both tests and the success in produced conjugate, it could be proceeded to prepare ELISA kits to diagnose giardiasis infections in various samples.
Key words: Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), antibody, copro-antigen, Giardia lamblia.