Embryogenesis of Gentiana straminea and assessment of genetic stability of regenerated plants using inter simple sequence repeat (ISSR) marker

  • T He
  • L Yang
  • Z Zhao
Keywords: Gentiana straminea, somatic embryogenesis, leaf explant, genetic stability, inter simple sequence repeat (ISSR).


Gentiana straminea Maxim is an endangered medicinal plant in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. To speed up the production of this species, an in vitro protocol for efficient plant regeneration was developed from its leaf explants. Auxins and cytokinin alone or in combination were examined for their effects on callus induction and plant regeneration. The results indicated that Murashige and Skoog medium supplemented with 2 mg l-1 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid and 0.5 mg l-1 N6-benzylaminopurine (BA) was the best medium for embryogenic callus induction, while 3 mg l-1 BA induced the highest frequency (93.8%) of regeneration and development of shoots. Regenerated plantlets with well-developed root systems were hardened in the greenhouse and successfully established in the soil. Genetic stability of the regenerated plants was assessed by 25 inter simple sequence repeat (ISSR) markers. Out of 25 ISSR markers, 14 produced clear, reproducible bands with a mean of 6.9 bands per marker. The results confirmed that the regenerants maintained high genetic fidelity.

Key words: Gentiana straminea, somatic embryogenesis, leaf explant,  genetic stability, inter simple sequence repeat (ISSR).


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eISSN: 1684-5315