Characteristics and community diversity of a wheat straw-colonizing microbial community

  • XJ Wang
  • XF Yuan
  • H Wang
  • J Li
  • XF Wang
  • ZJ Cui
Keywords: Microbial community, lignocellulose degradation, filter paper activity, CMCase, avicelase, β- glucosidase, xylanase.

Abstract

A microbial community named WSD-5 was successfully selected from plant litter and soil after longterm directed acclimation at normal temperature. After 15 days of cultivation at 30°C, the degradation rate of wheat straw by WSD-5 was 75.6%. For cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin, the degradation rates were 94.2, 81.9 and 21.3%, respectively. The optimal pH for filter paper, CMCase, avicelase, β- glucosidase and xylanse activities was 6.24, 6.24, 5.91, 5.91 and 6.24, respectively. The optimal reaction temperature for all enzyme activity was 55°C. Filter paper enzyme, cellulase and xylanase were secreted from the degradation of wheat straw by WSD-5. The highest filter paper, cellulose endonuclease (CMCase), cellulose exonuclease (avicelase), β-glucosidase and xylanase activities were 1.30, 4.35, 0.60, 0.43 and 15.16 U/ml, respectively. A library of bacterial and fungal ribosomal gene sequences obtained from the community showed the presence of Ochrobactrum sp, Coprinus cinereus and Pseudallescheria boydii. To our knowledge, this was the first report of a microbial community which consisted of bacteria and fungi and was selected in the presence of wheat straw to produce extracellular filter paper enzyme, cellulase and xylanase.

Key words: Microbial community, lignocellulose degradation, filter paper activity, CMCase, avicelase, β- glucosidase, xylanase.

Published
2013-10-04
Section
Articles

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eISSN: 1684-5315