Catalase epitopes vaccine design for Helicobacter pylori: A bioinformatics approach
Bioinformatics tools are helpful for epitopes prediction directly from the genomes of pathogens in order to design a vaccine. Epitopes are sub-sequences of proteins (8 to 10 mer peptides) which bind to MHC to interact with the T cell receptors and stimulate immune responses. Finding a suitable vaccine against Helicobacter pylori is necessary, because of high prevalence of the infection (25 to 90%). Moreover, this bacteria has been classified as a grade I carcinogen by WHO since 1994. Catalase, an important enzyme in the virulence of H. pylori, could be a suitable candidate for vaccine design because it is highly conserved, which is important for the survival of H. pylori; it is expressed in high level and it is exposed on the surface of the bacteria. In this study, we designed epitope-based vaccine for catalase specific regions of H. pylori by means of immunobioinformatic tools. H. pylori (26695) catalase has been compared with human catalase in order to select specific regions. Afterwards, epitopes of catalase were determined by propred software. Among predicted epitopes, three epitopes were selected including, MVNKDVKQTT, VLLQSTWFL and FHPFDVTKI. Three candidates out of 51catalase antigen epitopes had the highest score for reactivating with MHC II MHC in propred software. The candidate epitopes for vaccine design should be rather a composition of considering epitopes: MVNKDVKQTTKKVLLQSTWFLKKFHPFDVTKI. In this manner, 39 of 51 alleles of MHC class ІІ were involved and stimulated T-cell responses. We believe prediction of catalase epitopes by the immunoinformatics tools would be valuable for developing new immuoprophylatic strategy against H. pylori infection.
Key words: Helicobacter pylori, catalase, epitopes.