Morphological classification of genetic diversity in cultivated okra, Abelmoschus esculentus (L) Moench using principal component analysis (PCA) and single linkage cluster analysis (SLCA)
29 okra accessions sourced from different agro-ecological regions in Nigeria and grown during the rainy season of 2007 at Abeokuta (derived savannah) were evaluated for genetic diversity using principal component analysis (PCA) and single linkage cluster analysis (SLCA). The experiment was laid out in a randomized complete block design (RCBD) with five replications. The accessions were classified into six and five cluster groups by PCA and SLCA respectively. The mean contributions of plant height, days to flowering, branches per plant, fresh pod width, mature pod width, fresh pod length, pod weight per plant, pod per plant, seeds per pod, and seed weight per plant were relatively high in the principal axes confirming the major contributions of these traits to seed yield in okra. The first four principal axes accounted for over 60% of the total variation among the 18 characters describing the accessions. Accessions 29, 9 and 14, which appears to be the most diverse may be useful as source for variable characters in okra improvement among the accessions studied been the most distant.
Key words: Derived savannah, principal axes, accessions, variation, cluster analysis, okra.