High prevalence of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (blaCTX-M-15) and New Delhi metallo-β-lactamase-1 (NDM-1) genes among high-level carbapenem resistance Klebsiella pneumonia: an alarm for our health system
Background: The extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) carbapenems-resistant Klebsiella isolates are considered one of the most significant challenging in the treatment of patients in hospitals. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of important carbapenem resistance genes ESBL subtypes and between K. pneumoniae from patients at hospital in Tehran, Iran.
Methods: Fifty-four isolates of K. pneumoniae were isolated from Shariatee Hospital in Tehran from February 2013 to July 2016. Antibiotic testing was done by using the standard disk diffusion method and E-test MIC. The confirmation of carbapenemase activity was performed using an MHT and a new method called the carbapenem inactivation method test (CIM). Finally, a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and sequencing of related genes was performed.
Results: Our PCR data demonstrate that blaCTX-M group’s 40 (81.4%) genes were the most prevalent in our hospital followed by group genes blaCTX-M-3 (18.51%) and blaCTX-M-2 (20.38%). The distribution of the CTX-M group revealed that blaCTX-M-15 23 (42.6%) was the dominant subtype. The coexistence of multiple genes included blaTEM, CTX-M and blaSHV, and CTX-M The presence of blaNDM1, blaOXA-48, and blaKPC were identified in the carbapenem-resistant isolates, 22 (40.7%), 10 (18.5%), and 7 (12.9%) respectively.
Conclusion: Our research showed that a CIM test for the first time in Iran is possible and has a high facility for the fast identification of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella (CRK). We are encountered with the emergence of CTX-M, OXA-48, KPC, and NDM1 harboring CRK strains in our hospitals. Therefore, the treatment of patients infected with these isolates will be an important future concern in our clinical settings.
Running Head: Resistance genes among carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumonia
Keywords: New Delhi metallo-beta-lactamase-1, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Carbapenem, Extended-spectrum ß-lactamase