Ethnic and religious crises in Nigeria: A specific analysis upon identities (1999–2013)

  • Haldun Çancı
  • Opeyemi Adedoyin Odukoya


Today, Africa is laced with some of the most obstinate conf licts, most of them constructed from differences in religious and ethnic identities. Religious and ethnic nationalism has led to conf licts about control of state power, unequal allocation of resources, citizenship issues, state collapse, economic decline and ethno-religious clashes. Nigeria has been pushed hither and thither by recurrent crises of regional or state illegitimacy, often impairing efforts at economic transformation, democratisation, national cohesion and stability (Osaghae and Suberu 2005:4). With this continental background in mind, this research paper seeks to examine the relationship between religion, ethnicity and conf lict in Nigeria, focusing mainly on issues in the North of the country. The question is: To what extent are conf licts emerging from ethnic or religious sources? This paper also looks at the notion of Identity and how it explains the crisis of development and complexities in modern Nigeria.

Keywords: ethnic conf lict, religious conf lict, identity, Nigeria


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