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Parental influence on substance use among young people in the Niger Delta region, Nigeria

F Abasiubong
AU Idung
SB Udoh
US Ekanem


The aim of this study was to assess the pattern and compare the rates of substance use in parents of children with substance use disorders in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria. Between January 2009 and December 2011, a total of 528 participants, comprising 255 fathers of children with substance use-related problems (study group) and 273 fathers of children without problems (comparison group) attending the Psychiatric Unit of the University of Uyo Teaching Hospital, were assessed, using a modified form of a 117-item self-report instrument based on the World Health Organization’s guidelines for students’ substance use surveys. The demographic characteristics of the respondents were similar. Locally available substances including alcohol were used more frequently than illicit substances by both groups. Possible reasons for using these substances included ready availability, unidentified personal problems, performance enhancement and unemployment. Substance use is
on the increase in our environment and this may be attributable to environmental pressures and weak parental discipline.

Key Words: Parental influence, children, substance use, Niger Delta region

Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 1531-4065
print ISSN: 1531-4065