A systematic review of evidence-based workplace prevention programmes that address substance abuse and HIV risk behaviours
The purpose of the systematic review was to determine the effectiveness of workplace substance abuse prevention programmes that also address substance-related HIV risks. A search of major electronic databases was conducted. Two authors independently applied eligibility criteria, assessed study quality, and extracted data using a standardised data extraction form. Due to the heterogeneity of study results, a qualitative approach was applied in assessing the effectiveness of the programmes. The search yielded 14 studies. All studies presented mixed results, with the majority reporting improvements in selfreported substance abuse measures. The review highlighted paucity in the availability of good quality workplace prevention programmes and none that addressed substance abuse and HIV risk behaviours in such settings.
Keywords: Substance abuse, evidence-based, prevention programmes, workplace, industry