African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology

Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.

Remember me or Register

Comparison of community managed projects and conventional approaches in rural water supply of Ethiopia

Beshah M Behailu, Arto Suominen, Tapio S Katko, Harri Mattila, Gashaw Yayehyirad


This study aimed to compare Community Managed Projects (CMP) approach with the conventional approaches (Non-CMP) in the case of Ethiopia. The data collection methods include a household survey (n=1806), community representative interviews (n=49), focus group discussions with district water experts (n=48) and observations of water systems (n=49). The data were collected from seven districts of two regions of Ethiopia. The study shows that CMP have a better platform to involve the community than non-CMP. In terms of reducing distances to water points, all approaches succeeded. However, the intended amount of water supplied is not achieved in all the cases: only 25% of CMP users and 18% of non-CMP users are able to get water according to the national standard, 15 L per capita per day. Fee collection in the approaches has a high disparity in favour of CMP. To keep long-lasting services, three requirements need to be particularly fulfilled: quantity, quality and accessibility.

Key words: Long-lasting services, rural water supply, Community Managed Projects (CMP), conventional, Ethiopia.
AJOL African Journals Online