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African Journal of Paediatric Surgery

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Single-layer closure of typhoid enteric perforation: Our experience

M Ibrahim, KI Getso, AH Yashuwa, AM Mohammad, LJC Anyanwu

Abstract


Background: Typhoid enteritis is rare in developed countries. The  increasing prevalence of typhoid fever with enteric perforation in our  environment is alarming. Peritonitis follows enteric perforation due to typhoid enteritis. Surgical treatments and repair of the perforated areas due to typhoid enteritis varies between institutions with high mortality and morbidity.

Materials and Methods: We retrospectively studied the effects of single versus double layer intestinal closure after typhoid enteric perforation with peritonitis in 902 pediatric patients from September 2007 to April 2012. All the patients underwent laparotomy after resuscitation and antibiotic cover. The patients were divided into two groups: group A (n = 454) double layer
closure and group B (n = 448) single layer closure.

Results: There were 554 males and 348 females with male to female ratio 1.6:1. Ages of the patients were three years to 14 years with mean age at eight years and mode at nine years. The following clinical outcomes were recorded: burst abdomen 38 (8.3%) vs 3 (0.6%), enterocutaneous fistula  formation 52 (11.4%) vs 8 (1.7%), superfi cial wound infection 215
(47.3%) vs 91 (20.3%), ligature fistula 13 (2.8%) vs 7 (1.5%), mean length of 29.4 ± 7.8 vs 45.3 ± 11.6.

Conclusion: Our results showed that single layer closure of the perforated ileum due to typhoid enteric perforation with peritonitis in children was effective by reducing complication rates.


Key Words: Children, single layer closure, typhoid enteric perforation




http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0189-6725.115046
AJOL African Journals Online