PROMOTING ACCESS TO AFRICAN RESEARCH

African Journal of Rheumatology

Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.

Remember me or Register



DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT Open Access  DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT Subscription or Fee Access

Prevalence of low back pain and associated risk factors among nurses in National Hospital, Abuja, Nigeria

O Ojo, R Akintayo, I.M. Jibril, I.R. Okereke, P Adanegbe, N.A. Odoh, J.A. Quist, E.T. Emmanuel, F.H. Bello, A Sarki, P.C. Nwabufor

Abstract


Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and associated risk factors of Low Back Pain (LBP) among nurses in National Hospital, Abuja, Nigeria.

Design: A cross-sectional study.

Methods: The study was carried out to determine the prevalence and risk factors for LBP among nurses in National Hospital, Abuja, Nigeria. A departmentto- department enquiry was conducted using a self-structured questionnaire.

Results: Two hundred and seventy three respondents who included 30 (11.0%) males and 243 (89.0%) females participated in the study. The mean age was 37.4+8.0 (37.8+7.5 years among the males and 37.4+8.1 years among the females. Results showed that 193 (70.7%) respondents were either overweight or obese and only 69 (25.3%) were of normal weight. The 12 month prevalence of low back pain was 72.1%. About 179 (80.0%) of the nurses attributed their low back pain to work related issues. The incidence of LBP was more among female nurses (129, 53.1%) than the male nurses (13, 43.3%).

Conclusion: Occupational exposure to factors constituting physical loads (frequently carrying patients, availability of porters) and a previous history of back trauma were significant independent predictors of low back pain among nurses. However, LBP was not a major cause of absenteeism from work.

Keywords: Low back pain, Risk factors, Prevalence, Nurses




AJOL African Journals Online