Biomass production and water use efficiency of grassland in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

  • AR Palmer
  • A Short
  • IAM Yunusa


Using the results from a long-term grazing trial in the Dry Highland Sourveld of the KwaZulu-Natal province, we prepared a water use efficiency value (the ratio of the increment in annual biomass to total annual evapotranspiration) for this rangeland type. Using seasonal biomass measurements recorded between March 2000 and March 2007, we developed a model for predicting the increment in annual biomass using a regression relationship between fPAR (fraction of photosynthetically active radiation intercepted by the vegetation canopy) and measured standing biomass. This regression model was used to estimate the growth rates from fPAR for the period 2001–2006. During the period 2004–2007, when complete meteorological records were available, we calculated reference or potential evapotranspiration (ET0) using the Penman-Monteith equation. To approximate actual evapotranspiration (ETa), we used the MODIS leaf area index to approximate canopy conductance component (Gs) of the Penman-Monteith equation. Using the adjusted fPAR curves as a surrogate for plant growth, and ETa, we calculated a water use efficiency value for these grasslands of 7.5 ± 0.48 kg DM mm-1 ha-1 y-1. This value relates well to other published water use efficiencies for natural rangeland.

Keywords: animal production, foraging ecology, plant production, rangeland condition, remote sensing

African Journal of Range & Forage Science 2010, 27(3): 163–169

Author Biographies

AR Palmer
ARC – Livestock Business Division, PO Box 101, Grahamstown 6140, South Africa
A Short
ARC – Animal Production Institute, Rangeland Management, Animal Nutrition, Private Bag X2, Irene 0062, South Africa
IAM Yunusa
University of New England, Armidale, NSW, Australia

Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 1727-9380
print ISSN: 1022-0119