Trends in contraceptive use among female adolescents in Ghana

  • L Abdul-Rahman
  • G Marrone
  • A Johansson
Keywords: Adolescents, young people, contraceptive use, sexually active, Ghana

Abstract

Within the past one and half decades many efforts have been made to improve the availability and access to adolescent sexual and
reproductive health services. Despite these efforts, adolescents still face a number of sexual and reproductive health problems. This paper uses data from the 2003 and 2008 Ghana Demographic and Health Surveys to examine changes in contraceptive use among sexually active female adolescents (15-19 years old). The results show that between 2003 and 2008 there was a significant increase in the current use of any contraceptive method (from 23.7% to 35.1%, p=0.03). It also indicates a shift from modern to traditional contraceptive methods. Traditional methods recorded about 60% (7.8 percentage points) increase as compared to 5.5% (2.6 percentage points) for modern methods. Also ever use of any traditional method recorded a higher increase as compared to any modern method. There was a slight decline 7% (4.4 parentage points) in the number of non-users who intended to use contraceptives in the future. On the whole the findings indicate increasing unmet need for modern contraception due to barriers such as limited
access, cost and misconceptions about the effects of contraceptives.
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eISSN: 1118-4841