Community-based study of Contraceptive Behaviour in Nigeria

  • B A Oye-Adeniran
  • I F Adewole
  • A V Umoh
  • A Oladokun
  • A Gbadegesin
  • E E Ekanem


A cross sectional, community-based, descriptive study among women of reproductive age group (15–49 years) in Nigeria to explore the possible reasons for contraceptive non-use despite reported high awareness was carried out. Data were obtained using a standard questionnaire instrument and applied on 2001 respondents. Contraceptive prevalence among sexually active respondents was 14.8% for all methods, 10.1% for modern methods and only 0.8% for emergency contraceptives. The most frequently stated reasons for non-use of contraceptives, among those who had never used any contraceptives but who did not want more children were: “did not think about it”, “against religious belief” and “fear of side effects.” Prior counselling significantly improved the continuation rate of contraception. Multivariate analysis showed that older, married and more educated women tended to use contraceptives more. Health care providers should be trained to offer counselling services to all clients in general, and young, unmarried and uneducated women in particular in order to improve their acceptance of contraceptives.

African Journal of Reproductive Health Vol. 10 (2) 2006: pp. 90-104

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