Maternal Risk Factors for Childhood Anaemia in Ethiopia

  • D Habte
  • K Asrat
  • MGMD Magafu
  • IM Ali
  • T Benti
  • W Abtew
  • G Tegegne
  • D Abera
  • S Shiferaw
Keywords: Maternal, anaemia, child, risk factor, Ethiopia


A total of 8260 children between the ages of 6-59 months were analyzed to identify the risk factors associated with childhood anaemia in Ethiopia. The overall mean (SD/ standard deviation) haemoglobin (Hgb) level among the under-five children was 10.7 (2.2) g/dl and 50.3% were anaemic. Childhood anaemia demonstrated an increasing trend with maternal anaemia levels of mild, moderate and severe anaemia: odds ratio of 1.82, 2.16 and 3.73 respectively (p< 0.01). Children whose mothers had no formal education were 1.38 times more likely to be anaemic (p<0.01). The poorest and poorer wealth index groups had 1.52 and 1.25 increased odds of childhood anaemia respectively (p< 0.01). Childhood anaemia in Ethiopia is a severe public health problem. Maternal anaemia and socio-economic status were found to be associated with anaemia in children. A holistic approach of addressing mothers and children is of paramount importance. (Afr J Reprod Health 2013; 17[3]: 110-118).

Keywords: Maternal, anaemia, child, risk factor, Ethiopia


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eISSN: 1118-4841