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African Journal of Reproductive Health

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Pregnancy, Obstetric and Neonatal Outcomes in HIV Positive Nigerian Women

OC Ezechi, CV Gab-Okafor, DA Oladele, OO Kalejaiye, BO Oke, HO Ohwodo, RA Adu, SO Ekama, Z Musa, DI Onwujekwe, AN David, LAO Ujah

Abstract


While the effect of HIV infection on some maternal outcomes is well established, for some others there is conflicting information on possible association with HIV. In this study we investigated pregnancy and neonatal outcome of HIV positive women in large HIV treatment centre over a period of 84 months. They were managed according to the Nigerian PMTCT protocol. Adverse obstetric and neonatal outcome were observed in 48.3% HIV positives compared 30.3% to the negatives (OR: 2.08; CI: 1.84-2.34). Low birth weight ( OR:2.95; CI:1.95-3.1), preterm delivery (OR:2.05;CI:1.3-3.1), perinatal death (OR:1.9;CI:1.3-3.2), and spontaneous abortion (OR:1.37; CI:1.1-2.3) were factors found to be independently associated with HIV. Low CD4 count (OR: 2.45; CI: 1.34- 4.56) and opportunistic infections (OR: 2.11; CI: 1.56-3.45) were to be associated with adverse obstetric and neonatal outcome. This study confirms the association of HIV, severe immunosuppression and opportunistic infection and adverse obstetric and neonatal outcome. (Afr J Reprod Health 2013; 17[3]: 160-168).

Keywords: Pregnancy, delivery, HIV, neonate, adverse outcome

 




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