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African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines

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Spatholobus suberectus stem extract improves the protective effect of heparin on cerulein–induced pancreatitis

Zhengyi Shao

Abstract


Background: The present study evaluates the effect of Spatholobus suberectus stem extract (SS) in the management of pancreatitis alone and in combination with heparin.

Material and methods: Pancreatitis was induced pancreatitis by cerulean (50μg/kg, i.p.) five times at an interval of 1 h without any pretreatment of drug. Rats were treated with SS (100 and 200 mg/kg, p. o.) and heparin (150 U/kg, i.p.) alone and in combination for the duration of a week. Later pancreatic weight and blood flow was estimated and different biochemical parameters like concentration of D-dimer and Interleukin 1β (IL-1β) and activity of amylase and lipase were determined in blood of pancreatitis rats. Moreover effect of drug treatment on DNA synthesis and histopathology was also estimated on cerulean induced pancreatitis rats.

Result: Results of this study suggest that treatment with SS alone and in combination with heparin significantly increase in prothrombin time and pancreatic blood flow than negative control group. There was significant decrease in concentration of IL-1β and D-dimer and activity of amylase and lipase in SS and heparin treated group than negative control group. Pancreatic DNA synthesis was also found to be reduced in SS and heparin alone and in combination treated group. Histopathology study also reveals that treatment with SS and heparin alone and in combination reduces edema, hemorrhages, leukocyte infiltration in the TS of pancreatic tissues.

Conclusion: Present study concludes that treatment with SS alone effectively manages the pancreatitis by ceasing the inflammatory pathway and potentiates the effect of heparin in the management of pancreatitis.

Keywords: Spatholobus suberectus, Pancreatitis, Heparin, Cerulean




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