Evaluation of antimicrobial activity of the stem bark of Cylicodiscus gabunensis (mimosaceae)

  • KM Laure B University of Yaounde, Cameroon
  • J Kouam
  • BV Penlap
  • BT Ngadjui
  • ZT Fomum
  • FX Etoa
Keywords: Antimicrobial activity, <i>Cylicodiscus gabunensis</i>

Abstract



Ethyl acetate(EA) extract of the stem bark of Cylicodiscus gabunensis (CG) was analysed phytochemically and evaluated for its antimicrobial activity against 17 pathogenic species isolated from patient: Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Shigella dysenteriae, Shigella flexneri, Morganella morganii, Proteus vulgaris, Proteus mirabilis, Salmonella typhi, Citrobacter freundii, Enterobacter cloacae, Enterobacter agglomerans, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus feacalis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Bacillus cereus T, Candida albicans and Candida glabrata. Flavonoids, saponins, tannins, polyphenols, coumarins, triterpenes and/or sterols and reducing sugars were detected in the (EA) extract of CG. The best MIC and MBC values for the microorganisms sensitive to the extract were 0.00078 and 0.00315 mg/ml respectively. The greater and remarkable antimicrobial activity of the (EA) extract of CG was recorded with Staphylococcus aureus, Proteus vulgaris and Bacillus cereus T. These results provide a rationalization for the traditional use of this plant for the treatment of infections diseases.

Keywords: Antimicrobial activity; Cylicodiscus gabunensis

The African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines Vol. 4 (1) 2007: pp. 87-93
Published
2007-02-08
Section
Articles

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eISSN: 0189-6016