Recurrent poststernotomy mediastinitis due to histoplasmosis: The critical role of histopathology in surgical site infections
This report describes the first case of surgical site infection due to Histoplasma capsulatum. A 4 year-old presented with recurrent thoracotomy surgical site infection (SSI) requiring multiple debridements until the correct diagnosis was performed. This case illustrates the critical role of histopathology in early recognition of unusual pathogens causing SSIs.
Keywords: Histoplasma capsulatum, mediastinitis, poststernotomy, surgical site infection