Ultrasonic Guided Insertion of Central Venous Catheter in Infants and Children
Background/Purpose: ultrasound is licensed for application of regional blocks and insertion of vascular access. We aimed to compare ultrasonic guided (USG) and anatomical landmark technique (ALT) for insertion of central venous catheter (CVC) as regard success rate and rate of complications in infants and children. Materials & Methods: eighty childen (age ranged from 1-5 y) were classified into 2 groups, anatomical landmark technique was used to insert CVC in group I and ultrasonic guided technique was used in group II. Number of trials, duration of the procedure, and rate of complications were recorded. Results: There was a significant increase in success rate of insertion in group II as compared to group I (p = 0.001). Number of trials showed significant decrease in group II as compared to group I (p<0.0001). Incidence of arterial puncture was significantly decreased in group II (p = 0.028). Duration of the procedure was 21.3 ± 0.05 min in group I, and 12.5 ± 0.3 min in group II, ( p<0.0001). Conclusion: Insertion of central venous catheter in children should be guided with ultrasonography to avoid complications and failure of the procedure.
Index Word: CV line insertion, ultrasonography.