Access to animal source foods and consumers’ preferences in peri-urban and urban areas of Ibadan, Nigeria
Most discussions on the consumption of Animal Source Foods (ASFs) in urban areas focus on single ASF with attention on residents within and around the city centre, leaving out the transitional zones (peri-urban areas). This study was carried out in Ibadan, the capital city of Oyo State, Nigeria and one of the largest urban agglomerations in the country. Multi-stage sampling procedure was employed to obtain 228 consumers from both urban and peri-urban areas and data were collected using structured questionnaire and analyses done using percentages and regression statistics. The ranking of different ASFs in order of preference by respondents were influenced by factors such as personal tastes and culture. Beef had the highest frequency as the first choice ASF followed by fish in both urban and peri-urban areas. Majority (78.57 %) of respondents in urban and 68.97 % in peri-urban area had access to their most preferred ASF. Factors which significantly affect consumers’ access to ASFs are price of ASFs, consumers’ education, income per week, and income type (monthly or daily). Consumers who received monthly incomes were 18.6% in urban and 16.4 % in peri-urban area more likely to have access to ASFs. Those with a minimum of secondary education were 4.6 % more likely to have access to ASFs in peri-urban area. The price of ASFs in the urban area reduced the probability of access to ASFs by 3.90 %. Appropriate implementation of better income packages will help to improve consumers’ access to their preferred ASFs.