Gas phase ion chemistry of coumarins: ab initio calculations used to justify negative chemical ionization trends
The gas phase ion chemistry of coumarins using electron ionization (EI), positive chemical ionization (PCI) and negative chemical ionization (NCI) in a time of flight and quadrupole mass spectrometer (qMS) coupled to a gas chromatograph is outlined. The observations in NCI mode were complimented with Ab initio calculations. This was because NCI gave enhanced signals in contrast to EI and PCI and therefore could serve as a potential ionization method for quantitative analysis. For the two classes of analytes that were examined here, i.e. methyl and acetyl coumarin derivatives, experimental data showed that the methyl derivatives underwent dissociative electron capture to produce ions of the type [M–H]¯ while the acetyl derivatives underwent resonance electron capture to produce ions of the type M˙¯. The M˙¯ type of ions were more intense than the earlier. Ab initio calculations showed higher electron affinities in the acetyl than the methyl derivatives.
KEY WORDS: Coumarins, Ab Initio calculations, Electron ionization, Positive chemical ionization, Negative chemical ionization
Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop. 2015, 29(3), 473-484.