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Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Ethiopia

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Antibacterial activities, DFT and QSAR studies of quinazolinone compounds

A. G. Al-Sehemi, A. Irfan, S. A. Alrumman, A. E. Hesham

Abstract


The quinazolinone compounds (1 and 2) in this work were examined for their in vitro antibacterial activities against gram-positive (Staphylococcus aureus) and gram-negative bacteria (Klebsiella pneumonia, Proteus bacilli and Shigella flexneri). Compared to the reference antibiotic chloramphenicol, these compounds showed high antibacterial activities against studied strains with inhibition zones observation. The ground state geometries have been optimized by using density functional theory (DFT) at B3LYP/6-31G* level of theory. The absorption spectra have been calculated by using time dependent density functional theory (TDDFT) with and without solvent. The effect of different functionals (B3LYP, MPW1PW91, and PBE1PBE) on the absorption wavelengths has been studied. The ionization potential (IP), electron affinity (EA), energy gap (Egap), electronegativity (χ), hardness (η), electrophilicity (ω), softness (S) and electrophilicity index (ωi) were computed and discussed. The nonlinear optical (NLO) properties vary by changing the theory (DFT to HF) or functional (B3LYP to CAM-B3LYP). The physicochemical parameters have been studied by quantitative structure–activity relationship (QSAR). The computed properties of investigated compounds have been compared with the Chloramphenicol as well as available experimental data.

                                                                                              

KEY WORDS: Antibacterial activity, Density Functional Theory, Time Dependent Density Functional Theory, Charge transfer, Quantitative structure–activity relationship

 

Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop. 2016, 30(2), 307-316.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/bcse.v30i2.15

 

 




http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/bcse.v30i2.15
AJOL African Journals Online