Synthesis of CuO-NPS by simple wet chemical method using various dicarboxylic acid salts as precursors: Spectral characterization and in-vitro biological evaluation

  • H. Rehman
  • Z. Ali
  • A. Qadir
  • M. H. Farooq
  • A. Shuaib
  • A. Zahra
  • T. Shahzady
  • H. Hussain
Keywords: CuO-NPs, Dicarboxylic acids, Sodium borohydride, Antibacterial study


In this study, a simple chemical reduction method was employed to synthesize CuO-NPs.  Various dicarboxylic acids were converted into Cu(II) salt of dicarboxylic acid which were used as precursors. NPs were produced by reducing precursors with NaBH4. Characteristics of synthesized NPs were investigated by using important analytical techniques including Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermo gravimetric analysis (TGA) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Developed NPs were investigated for their antibacterial activity against a range of bacterial strains by employing agar well diffusion method. CuO-NPs exhibited good to moderate activity against E-Coli, B. Subtilis and poor activity against K. pneumonia and Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). It was found that amongst all experienced compounds sample 2 showed good activity with minimum inhibition concentration (MIC) 10 µg/mL (zone of inhibition: 22± 0.12 mm) while sample 3 showed poor activity with MIC 40 µg/mL (zone of inhibition: 8.0 ± 0.18 mm).


KEY WORDS: CuO-NPs, Dicarboxylic acids, Sodium borohydride, Antibacterial study


Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop. 2020, 34(2), 323-334



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eISSN: 1726-801X
print ISSN: 1011-3924