AMBIENT AIR PARTICULATE MATTER IN LAGOS, NIGERIA: A STUDY USING RECEPTOR MODELING WITH X-RAY FLOURESCENCE ANALYSIS
AbstractThe need for comprehensive air pollution studies in Lagos cannot be overemphasized in view of the level of industrialization of the city and its nearness to the ocean. Air particulate samples collected with a high-volume air sampler at three locations in Lagos, Nigeria were analyzed by the combination of wavelength-dispersive X-ray fluorescence and atomic absorption spectroscopy methods. Elemental concentrations were subjected to factor analysis for source identification and chemical mass balance model was used for source apportionment. Prominent among sources identified with the ranges of their contributions at the sites are: soil 35-54%, marine 26-34%, automobile exhaust 0.3-3.5%, refuse incineration 2-3%, and regional sulphate 2-12%.
(Received January 17, 2001; revised August 22, 2001)
Bull.Chem.Soc.Ethiop. 2001, 15(2), 97-108