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Biogenic synthesis of ferrous(III) oxide and Fe3O4/SiO2 using Chlorella sp. and its adsorption properties of water contaminated with copper(II) ions

Shireen Ibrahim Hamadamin
Sewgil Saaduldeen Anwer
Parween Mohsin Abdulkareem
Kwestan Hassan Sdiq


ABSTRACT. Magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) are gaining popularity because of their small size allowing for research into the fundamentals of magnetism. In wastewater treatment, adsorption methods commonly remove heavy metals, but copper (Cu+2) ion removal using magnetic nanoparticles (NPs) has not been investigated. In this study two different modes were used to determine maximum adsorption capacity to remove copper(II). The nanoparticles containing the Fe3O4 with Chlorella, core-shell Fe3O4/SiO2 with Chlorella sp. synthesized and characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) analysis, the morphology observed by scanning electron microscope (SEM), crystalline structure, and grain size provided by energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). Copper(II) ion removal showed in both modes. The maximum copper(II) ion reduction percent was obtained by nanoparticles containing core-shell Fe3O4/Chlorella 80.3%, Fe3O4/SiO2 with Chlorella sp. (86.9%) the result showed maximum removal using Fe3O4/SiO2 with Chlorella sp. due to increase of surface area. The results indicate that the adsorption using magnetic nanoparticles with Chlorella sp. enhances the cell surface and provides easy access to the separation for both preparation and recapture.


KEY WORDS: Copper(II) ion, Magnetic nanoparticles, Chlorella sp., SiO2 core-shell, Adsorption capacity percent

Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop. 2022, 36(3), 585-596.