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Exploring the biological activity of organotin carboxylate complexes with 4-sulfosalicylic acid

Dhekra Jawad Hashim
Enass J. Waheed
Angham G. Hadi
Sadiq J. Baqir


ABSTRACT. 4-Sulfosalicylic acid (SSA) was used as a ligand to prepare new triphenyltin and dimethyl-tin complexes by condensation with the corresponding organotin chloride salts. The complexes were identified by different techniques, such as infrared spectra (tin and proton), magnetic resonance, and elemental analyses. The 119Sn-NMR was studied to determine the prepared complexes' geometrical shape. Two methods examined the antioxidant activity of (SSA) and prepared complexes; Free radical scavenging activity (DPPH) and CUPRRAC methods. Tri and di-tin complexes gave high percentage inhibition than ligands with both methods due to tin moiety; the triphenyltin carboxylate complex was the best compared with the others. Also, antibacterial activity was assessed by using the agar ditch method against (Escherichia coli) and (Staphylococcus aureus) bacteria. The complexes gave high activity in inhibition than the ligand derived. Also Triphenyltin carboxylate complex showed higher antibacterial activity than the dimethyltin complex against two types of bacteria (Escherichia coli) and (Staphylococcus aureus).

KEY WORDS: Antioxidant activity, Antibacterial activity, Sulfosalicylic acid, Tri phenyl tin chloride, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus bacteria

Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop. 2023, 37(6), 1435-1442. 

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eISSN: 1726-801X
print ISSN: 1011-3924