Sample clean-up, enrichment and determination of s-triazine herbicides from southern ethiopian lakes supported using liquid membrane extraction

  • Negussie Megersa
  • Theodros Solomon
  • B.S. Chandravanshi
  • Jan Åke Jönsson



(Received November 22, 1999; revised May 8, 2000)

The liquid membrane extraction method has been employed for selectively extracting trace quantities of s-triazine herbicides in environmental waters collected from lakes Awassa, Chamo and Abbya, located in close proximity to the agricultural farms in Southern Ethiopia. In liquid membrane extraction, the uncharged triazine compounds from the flowing donor solution diffuse through a porous poly(tetrafluoroethylene) (PTFE) membrane, containing a water immiscible organic solvent. The s-triazine molecules are then irreversibly trapped in the stagnant acidic acceptor phase since they become protonated. Using both di-n-hexylether and n-undecane membrane solvents, s-traizine herbicides were extracted and low detection limits of about 1 ng/L have been obtained by extraction of three liters of sample solution spiked with 0.1 g/L of each triazine. Residues of atrazine and terbutryn ranging in concentration from 0.02 to 0.05 g/L have been successfully determined.

Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop. 2000, 14(1), 9-24

Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Ethiopia. ISSN: 1011-3924


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eISSN: 1726-801X
print ISSN: 1011-3924