A review of mining taxation in selected SADC countries and Chile

  • IB Matshediso
Keywords: mining taxation, fiscal regimes, mining legislation, mineral policies


Although most SADC countries have or were in the process of liberalizing their legislation and fiscal regimes some member states seemed to levy exorbitant tax rates. SADC member states need to note that in designing the optimum tax regime for their respective countries a balance will have to be struck between all the role-players including the investor, government and the community. It is imperative that the tax regimes are designed to provide stability over time and are transparent, easy to administer and internationally competitive. Mining investors view taxation systems as a cost of doing business in a particular country. The effects of taxes can influence company decisions. It is therefore of paramount importance for the SADC governments to design tax regimes which will allow the mining sector to get a return on investment which is commensurate with the capital outlay and risk. It is equally important that the mining business should play a key role to the socio-economic development of the host country in terms of job markets, secondary industries, hospitals, schools, skills development and education. The taxation level in SADC countries should be both comparable and competitive with other countries with similar geological potential and this is currently not the case. Chile offered investors the best fiscal regime when compared to the twelve selected SADC countries.

Key Words: mining taxation, fiscal regimes, mining legislation, mineral policies.

Botswana Journal of Technology Vol.13(2) 2004: 41-50

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eISSN: 1019-1593