Some physical and mechanical properties of palm kernel shell (PKS)

  • IM Dagwa
  • AO Ibhadode
Keywords: Palm Kernel Shell, Physical Properties, Mechanical Properties.

Abstract

In this study, some of the mechanical and physical properties of palm kernel shells (PKS) were evaluated. These are moisture content, 7.8325 ± 0.6672%; true density, 1.254 ± 5.292 x 10-3 g/cm3; bulk density, 1.1248g/cm3; mean rupture force along width, and thickness were 3174.52 ± 270.70N and 2806.94 ± 498.45N for small size PKS respectively. While the mean rupture force along width and thickness for big size PKS were 3884.61± 878.16N and 3270.59 ± 1083.53N respectively. Apparent porosity is 10.98%. Water absorption capacity 19.85 ± 2.065%; thickness swell in water 3.54%; oil absorption capacity 6.845 ± 0.175%; thickness swell in oil 2.33%. The data base generated from this experiment could be used in new areas of PKS applications.

Keywords: Palm Kernel Shell, Physical Properties, Mechanical Properties

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eISSN: 1019-1593