Eclampsia and Pregnancy Outcome at Lautech Teaching Hospital, Osogbo, SouthWest, Nigeria
AbstractEclampsia is one of the leading causes of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality in sub-Saharan Africa. This problem has continued unabated due to lack of policies supporting financial protection in times of ill health,
non-implementation of proven interventions as well as gaps in capacity building by stakeholders in health care delivery in this region. The aim of this retrospective study is to assess the impact of eclampsia on maternal and perinatal survival and suggest ways of reducing maternal death. A 6-year retrospective study was conducted with eighty-three cases of
eclampsia. The cases were mainly antepartum patients with poor blood pressure control and resultant eclampsia. The case fatality rate was 8.3% and perinatal death was 24.1%. Magnesiun sulphate may have contributed to improvements in pregnancy outcome as mortality was higher among
women with no access to magnesium sulphate. Most of the eclamptic patients were referred late from private health facilities hence the need for public-private collaboration in strengthening the referral system and making magnesium sulphate widely available in maternal care centers.