Hypertension and diabetes mellitus among adults at Ehime Mbano L.G.A. of Imo state Nigeria
Objective: Diabetes mellitus and hypertension are common diseases that tend to coexist. and result to These two diseases can lead to damage of some organs in the body like the eyes, brain, heart and kidneys. A study was carried out at Ehime Mbano Local Government Area of Imo State in Nigeria to determine the relationship between hypertension and type 2 diabetes mellitus among adults 30 years above.
Methods: The study was a cross-sectional study by which subjects from different neighboring communities in Ehime Mbano L.G.A. of Imo state Nigeria were assembled at a civic ground and examined. The blood pressure measurements of each subject were taken using the KODEA electronic sphygmomanometer along with the blood glucose values using the Accu-chek blood monitor.
Results: A total of 233 subjects were examined, 99 males (42.5%) and 134 females (57.5%). Out of this number, 45 subjects had a history of diabetes mellitus, 26 males (57.8%) and 19 females (42.2%). Also a total of 137 subjects had high blood pressure, 57 males (41.6%) and 63 females (58.4%). Among these subjects, 19 had a history of both diabetes mellitus and high blood pressure, 11 males (57.9%) and 8 females (42.1%).
Conclusion: Results from the data obtained showed that there was a close association between hypertension and diabetes mellitus. The social, psychological and health implications is discussed with recommendations.
Keywords: Hypertension, Diabetes mellitus, insulin, blood glucose