Registration of BaHa-jidu and BaHa-gudo Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) Varieties
The performances of eleven groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) genotypes were evaluated at 6 environments in eastern Ethiopia. Finally, the varieties BaHa-jidu (NC-AC-2748 X Chico) and BaHa-gudo (ICGV-88357) were approved for release in 2012 by the National Variety Release Committee. BaHa-jidu is the runner type and medium seeded, whereas BaHa-gudo is erect type and large seeded. BaHa-jidu gave 2.02 tons (t) ha-1 of dry pod yield (DPY) and has a 19% advantage over the Werer-962, standard check. Similarly, the BaHa-gudo gave 1.97 t ha-1 of DPY with a 16% advantage over the standard check. BaHa-jidu and BaHa-gudo were moderately resistant to rust and leaf spot diseases. The effects of genotype, environment, and their interaction explained 6.6, 84.7 and 8.7% of the total treatment variance, respectively. BaHa-jidu (0.026) and BaHa-gudo (0.044) had the smallest superiority measure values, which indicate best DPY performance and stability. In conclusion, BaHa-jidu and BaHa-gudo were recommended for production area of 1400 to 1650 meters above sea level.
Keywords: Babile; BaHa-gudo; BaHa-jidu; Eastern Ethiopia; Variety
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